Zephaniah

Zephaniah
   A book of the Hebrew Old Testament that contains references to major invasions of Palestine by Mesopotamian realms as well as to the fall of one of the most formidable of them - the Assyrian Empire. The identity of the author of the book is unclear. If he was a real person, he likely traced his ancestry back to Hezekiah, a ruler of the Hebrew kingdom of Judah. On the other hand, some scholars suggest that someone else wrote the book and used the name of Zephaniah rather than his own. The period in which the book was written is also a matter of dispute. The most accepted theory is that it dates from the early seventh century b.c. Supporting this view is the fact that it mentions Assyria's invasion of Palestine in the second half of the preceding century. (The Assyrians destroyed the kingdom of Israel in the 720s b.c. They also invaded Judah a few years later but were unable to bring it down.) The author, awed by these dire, seemingly earth-shaking events, perhaps understandably placed them in the same sort of apocalyptic framework that appears in Genesis when God causes the great flood to punish humanity for its sins. According to Zephaniah, God proclaimed:
   I will stretch out my hand against Judah, and against all the inhabitants of Jerusalem. And I will cut off from this place the remnant of Baal [a heathen idol] and the name of the idolatrous priests, those who have. . . . turned back from following the Lord. ... I will search Jerusalem with lamps and I will punish the men . . . who say in their hearts, "The Lord will not do good, nor will he do ill." (Zephaniah 1.4-6, 12)
   In contrast, some scholars think that the book of Zephaniah was written later, perhaps as late as 300 or even 200 b.c. Part of this argument rests on the fact that the author mentions the destruction of the Assyrian Empire, at one point in the past tense, which occurred more than a century after Assyria destroyed Israel:
   And he [God] will stretch out his hand against the north and destroy Assyria. And he will make [the Assyrian capital of] Nineveh a desolation, a dry waste like the desert. .. . What a desolation she [Assyria] has become. ... Everyone who passes by her hisses and shakes his fist. (Zephaniah 2.13-15)
   See also: Assyrian Empire; Bible; Judah

Ancient Mesopotamia dictioary. . 2015.

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  • ZEPHANIAH — (Heb. צְפַנְיָה), Judean prophet whose activity is dated to the reign of King Josiah (639–609). In addition to the usual mention of his father s name (Cushi), his ancestry is traced back four generations to hezekiah , possibly the king of that… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Zephaniah — ist der Vorname folgender Personen: Zephaniah Platt (1735–1807), US amerikanischer Jurist und Politiker Zephaniah Platt (1796–1871), US amerikanischer Rechtsanwalt und Politiker Zephaniah Swift (1759–1823), US amerikanischer Politiker Zephaniah… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Zephaniah — 1 Zephaniah 2 Zephaniah 3 …   The King James version of the Bible

  • Zephaniah — • The ninth of the twelve Minor Prophets of the Canon of the Old Testament; preached and wrote in the second half of the seventh century B.C Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006 …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Zephaniah — [zef΄ə nī′ə] n. [Heb tsefanya, lit., the Lord has hidden < tsafan, to hide + ya, God] Bible 1. a Hebrew prophet of the 7th cent. B.C. 2. the book of his prophecies: abbrev. Zep, Zeph, or Zp …   English World dictionary

  • Zephaniah — {For|the prophetic book|Book of Zephaniah}Zephaniah or Tzfanya (Hebrew Name|צְפַנְיָה|Ẓəfanya|Ṣəp̄anyāh| Concealed of/is Lord ) is the name of several people in the Bible Old Testament and Jewish Tanakh. He is also called Sophonias as in the New… …   Wikipedia

  • Zephaniah — /zef euh nuy euh/, n. 1. a Minor Prophet of the 7th century B.C. 2. a book of the Bible bearing his name. Abbr.: Zeph. * * * flourished 7th century BC One of the 12 Minor Prophets of the Hebrew scriptures, traditional author of the book of… …   Universalium

  • Zephaniah — noun 1. a Hebrew minor prophet of the late 7th century BC • Syn: ↑Sophonias • Instance Hypernyms: ↑prophet 2. an Old Testament book telling the prophecies of Zephaniah which are concerned mainly with the approaching judgment by God upon the… …   Useful english dictionary

  • Zephaniah 1 — 1 The word of the LORD which came unto Zephaniah the son of Cushi, the son of Gedaliah, the son of Amariah, the son of Hizkiah, in the days of Josiah the son of Amon, king of Judah. 2 I will utterly consume all things from off the land, saith the …   The King James version of the Bible

  • Zephaniah Platt (1735–1807) — Zephaniah Platt (* 27. Mai 1735 in Huntington, New York; † 12. September 1807 in Plattsburgh, New York) war ein US amerikanischer Jurist und Politiker. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Privatleben 2 Politisches Wirken …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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